-Animal Farm-

Chapter 7

Animal Farm is struggling but Napoleon has Mr. Whymper, his new solicitor, spread word to the human world about Animal Farm’s ‘success’. Due to this neglect and greed by and of Napoleon, the hens stage a demonstration. The protest finishes when nine die from the lack of food Napoleon grants them. 

Napoleon then uses the image of Snowball to create an enemy, saying that he is secretly ruining all of their progress in the night. Squealer then convinces the animals that Snowball has been working for Mr. Jones since the very beginning. 


Napoleon then begins his executions. He brings forward every animal that has ever questioned his authority, such as the hens that led the protest, and has them murdered. 

Other animals then confess to crimes but say they were made to do so by Snowball. Napoleon then bans ‘Beasts of England’ and has his poet, Minimus, fashion a new song, a song that, instead of inspiring independence, inspires obedience in Napoleon’s leadership. 

George Orwell’s chilling fable of Soviet Russia’s brutal dictatorship, Animal Farm brings to life in lucid, uncomplicated language the disastrous project of Russian Communism. This Penguin Modern classics edition includes an introduction by Malcolm Bradbury. ‘All animals are equal – but some are more equal than others’ When the downtrodden animals of Manor Farm overthrow their master Mr Jones and take over the farm themselves, they imagine it is the beginning of a life of freedom and equality. 

But gradually a cunning, ruthless élite among them, masterminded by the pigs Napoleon and Snowball, starts to take control. Soon the other animals discover that they are not all as equal as they thought, and find themselves hopelessly ensnared as one form of tyranny is replaced with another. ‘It is the history of a revolution that went wrong – and of the excellent excuses that were forthcoming at every step for the perversion of the original doctrine,’ wrote Orwell for the first edition of Animal Farm in 1945. 

Orwell wrote the novel at the end of 1943, but it almost remained unpublished; its savage attack on Stalin, at that time Britain’s ally, led to the book being refused by publisher after publisher. Orwell’s simple, tragic fable has since become a world-famous classic. If you enjoyed Animal Farm, you might like Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four, also available in Penguin Modern Classics. ‘It is the book for everyone and Everyman, its brightness undimmed after fifty years’ Ruth Rendell, Daily Telegraph Books of the Century

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